Indonesian Living Culture
Indonesia’s indigenous cultures share as an animist world view which to varying extents has been integrated with the newer world religious like Islam and Christianity. Many objects and aspects of nature which others might regard as inanimate have a subjective personality. Ideas about nature, religion and cosmology have all been major influences shaping vernacular architecture and the meanings invested in spatial arrangements.
Each region have their own traditional house:
Traditional House in Central Java
|Central Java House Model|
Traditional House in West Java
|West Java house model|
Traditional House in Minangkabau - Padang
|Minang Kabau - Padang house Model|
Traditional House in Tana Toraja - South Sulawesi
|Tana Toraja - South Sulawesi House Model|
Traditional House in Bali
|Bali house Model|
In a universe in which everything can be potentially communicated with, human must strive to maintain harmony with their environment. Houses must be building properly and with the appropriate rituals to ensure that they will not cause harm to their owners. People tend to trace their ties to each other as ‘trunk’ to ‘tip’. Images of the growth of trees or bamboo are used to speak of the development of kinship groupings. The house itself may be made sacred by the presence of ancestors, and is the store for powerful heirlooms.
Adding life to Buildings in Bali
The Balinese regard the cosmos as divided into three, the upper, middle and lower world. Orientation is usually towards to mountain and away from the sea. The pattern also enclosed in the division of the body into head, trunk and legs. The most sacred direction in the house compound is the northeast, where the family shrines are located, the next important building, the enclosed sleeping room of the householders, is an empty space, used for daily activities. To right and left (like the arms of the body) are open pavilions, and the kitchen and granary are to the south (the legs). The gate is associated with the sexual organs, the rubbish pit in the backward with the anus. The overlay of organizing metaphors house, body, cosmos used to be quite typical in many Indonesian societies. All buildings in Bali must be brought to life to through construction rituals and by the adding on of a certain additional amount to each measure, called Anthropomorphic Measurements used in Balinese House Constructions.